Parramatta, NSW. St John’s Cemetery


Have you ever been curious about why people visit cemeteries or headstones? I recently visited St John’s Cemetery for a tour by the Friends of St John’s Cemetery. These dedicated volunteers are passionate about St John’s and are doing their best to improve its appearance and maintenance. It is the oldest existing burial ground in Australia with the oldest headstone still in its original place and dated to 1791, so it is worth looking after. There are gravestones for 17 First Fleeters and many more early settlers and still more that are unmarked. There are different denominations too but as the cemetery is not divided into denominations these are hard to identify from the headstones. One grave I found particularly interesting had a connection to Yass and an interesting epitaph. It was for Sarah Moses who died on April 1st 1841, Aged 47 Years. It reads:

Sarah Moses (c. 1794-1841)It reads:


Died of broken heart from peculiar family trials April 1st 1841 Aged 47 Years

Peace to her ShadeMay the Divine Creator receive her Soul into everlasting rest – and pardon her former unnatural oppressor(s?)

The Sydney Morning Herald for the 5 April 1841 simply says: DEATH.  On Wednesday last, March 31st, at Parramatta, Sarah Moses, formerly of Hobart Town.

Moses Moses died in Yass in 1858. Now what is the story here? Who organised the headstone?

From Bowning to Elizabeth Farm, Parramatta NSW

William Swann and his family are rather interesting. William Swann was born near Bradford in England and arrived in Sydney in 1864 after spending nearly four years at sea before he explored outback NSW and worked along the Australian coast. William did not find gold and began teaching in 1876 and continued until his retirement as headmaster of Parramatta North School, in 1906. In 1903, William Swann purchased Elizabeth Farm and endeavoured to restore the former home of John & Elizabeth Macarthur which was built in 1793 and is the oldest surviving building in Australia. William’s wife Elizabeth Swann (nee Devlin) was born on the Sofala goldfields in 1854 where her father was a storekeeper and when she died in 1940 was described as ‘a typical pioneer, and had that independence of mind and resourcefulness which characterise the Australian of the outback’.

Seven of William and Elizabeth Swann’s daughters lived at Elizabeth Farm until it was sold in 1968 and many were school teachers or music teachers and social activists. Isabel Longford was the only daughter to marry and was one of the first dentists, who was first registered in 1902. 

I recently visited Elizabeth Farm to see what they had about the Swann family. Unfortunately, most traces of the family were removed after the property was sold but there are photos of them on the Elizabeth Farm website and in an excellent audio visual presentation that you can take around the property as you view each room. It is a living museum so you are encouraged to use the furniture and soak up the atmosphere. Sadly, there weren’t many other photos available online so I include the photos I took on the day.

If you have any photos or other information on the Swann’s that could be used, that would be great. There are a few books on the Swann family but otherwise they are generally overwhelmed by the Macarthurs, although it was the Swann’s who saved Elizabeth Farm for posterity. What a pity they don’t have a replica of Grannie Brown’s quilt.


Bowning, NSW. Hidden Gems.

Grannie Brown’s Medallion Quilt.

Women are often missing in action in our histories. Everyday people doing everyday things don’t usually get much attention, especially women. While recently researching Bowning there was plenty to be found on Trove and elsewhere on the activities of men. In the process, I happened upon Grannie Brown’s quilt at the Powerhouse Museum  with the images found here. The Museum provides some very interesting information. The quilt was made by Amelia Brown of Bowning between 1857 & 1900. It came to the Museum through the family of Margaret Swann of Elizabeth Farm in Parramatta which kept it as a precious heirloom. Margaret Swann appears to have been president of the Women’s Suffrage League. However, Margaret Swann was also the wife of William Swann who was the headmaster at Bowning School between 1877 and 1880 and presumably met Amelia at that time. Amazingly, the quilt was featured in last years Labours of Love exhibition in Sutherland and also used ‘on the logo for the bicentennial exhibition Quilt Australia 88’.  It also provides her maiden name, which was Parsons and that she came to Australia with her husband & seven children in 1857.

Back in Trove we find that Amelia’s husband, John Brown, died at Oak Vale Farm at Bowning on 29 September 1884, aged 74, according to the Evening News. A similar quilt on the National Quilt register says Amelia lived from 1817-1905. It is also in the Powerhouse Museum’s collection and is dated 1857 when Amelia first came to Australia. Unfortunately, there does not seem to be a death notice for her on Trove but there is an Amelia Brown who died at nearby Boorowa, in 1905, on the NSW Births Deaths & Marriages, perhaps that is her. Neither Amelia nor her husband are listed as buried at Bowning, although it may just mean they don’t have a headstone & more research is required.

Grannie Brown has unknowingly made a place for women in the history of Bowning and Australia. Perhaps there is much more to the story. We have a few clues now but there are sure to be many more stories. Perhaps in time, we’ll learn more or even unearth a photo.

Bowning, NSW. Beginnings & Endings

The State Records of New South Wales holds an amazing assortment of archives. While exploring the School archives I came across this wonderful photograph of Bowning Public School  from about 1900 in their Photographic Collection.

SRNSW_Bowning School 1900Bowning Public School, c. 1900. SRNSW 15051-a047-001628

What can we see? It looks like a garden working bee. How many people are there?            How many adults or teachers and how many children? There’s certainly a variety of ages.

How many children were enrolled in the years about 1900? What ages & grades were they? Who was the teacher at this time? Who took the photo? When was this building built? Is it still there?

SRNSW_Bowning School c.1900_32 people

I found 32 people including the photographer.  It appears to be 23 women & 8 boys although No 30 could be a girl & no 17 in the window may be a boy. There is one woman dressed in dark clothing (21) at the back & perhaps 22 & 23 are women too while no 12 seems to be older than school age. Perhaps there are family members too.

Bowning Public School was established in 1849 and celebrated its 125th Anniversary in 1974 & produced a booklet which may shed some more clues. As yet I haven’t found a copy of it but the authors in Trove’s catalogue are worth a look.

If you know anything about Bowning School & this photo or you have others, please let me know so we can add more to their story.

Cassino, Italy. Contemplating Cassino WWII War Cemetery

Australians at Monte Cassino


Cassino War Cemetery is 139 kilometres south east of Rome and the Benedictine Monastery of Monte Cassino is nearby on the hill. There are thirteen Australians buried in the cemetery, twelve from the RAAF and a war correspondent from the Sydney Morning Herald among the 4000 or so graves from all over the Commonwealth. There may be family who have wondered about these servicemen, so I have been investigating. The Commonwealth War Graves Commission(CWGC) is very helpful with information about those who died at Cassino War Cemetery, Cassino War Memorial or CWGC cemeteries in Italy. Yesterday, the CWGC released the documents for 600,00 World War II casualties, including those at Cassino. If you are looking for RAAF servicemen the RAAF database is excellent and has many grave photographs including all the Australian graves at Cassino. The War Graves Photographic Project may also have photographs of graves or you can contact them and request one. The six graves in these photos are together near the trees.

Cassino_2519   Cassino_2525

Thanks to the CWGC, we have the following details of the men buried at Cassino War Cemetery. If you have photos of them or know anything else about them please let me know so I can include it in my later blogs. These servicemen can all be searched on the CWGC website and their service numbers are included eg. 415222 with the date of death, age, grave and information about their family.


Commonwealth War Dead (1939-1945)

BILSBY, RALPH TRENHAM. Flight Sergeant, 415222. Royal Australian Air Force. 22 July 1943. Age 21. Son of Ralph Mason Bilsby and Lillian Emelina Bilsby, of Collie, Western Australia. Grave Reference: Coll. grave XVII. D. 1-10.
CRAWLEY, CHRISTOPHER WILLIAM. Warrant Officer, 412403. Royal Australian Air Force. 14 December 1943. Age 21. Son of Alphonse Hilary Crawley and Ethel Margaret Crawley, of Junee, New South Wales, Australia. Grave Reference: X. K. 2.
CUMMING, DOUGLAS ANDERSON. Flying Officer, 410312. Royal Australian Air Force. 29 May 1944. Age 25. Son of Gerald Dowling Cumming and Mary Daisy Cumming, of Darlington, Victoria, Australia. Grave Reference: X. K. 6.
DOWNING, ARTHUR WILLIAM.Warrant Officer, 403261. Royal Australian Air Force. 18 October 1943. Age 21. Son of Frank Hammersley Downing and Violet Hester Downing, of Balgowlah, New South Wales, Australia. Grave Reference: Coll. grave III. E. 23.
ELMS, HENRY. Flight Lieutenant, 404895. Royal Australian Air Force. 17 April 1944. Age 28. Son of Cecil Henry and Daisy Elms; husband of Jessie Joyce Elms, of Hillend, Queensland, Australia. Grave Reference: Coll. grave XII. J. 21-22.
HAWKE, RAYMOND RICHARD LINDSAY. Warrant Officer, 427090. Royal Australian Air Force. 29 December 1944. Age 29. Son of Percival George and Margaret Mary Hawke, of Belmont, Western Australia. Grave Reference: X. K. 5.
LAIRD, THOMAS PATERSON. Flight Sergeant, 415337. Royal Australian Air Force. 22 July 1943. Age 23. Son of Thomas Paterson Laird and Jean Laird, of Albany, Western Australia. Grave Reference: Coll. grave XVII. D. 1-10.
LUKE, CYRIL SPENCER. Warrant Officer, 412461. Royal Australian Air Force. 5 February 1944. Age 21. Son of Stanley John Henry and Clara Adelaide Luke, of Ourimbah, Queensland, Australia; husband of June Luke, of Merrylands, New South Wales. Grave Reference: X. K. 4.
MACDONALD, RODERICK KENNETH. Reporter, 81. Australian War Correspondent. 18 May 1944. Age 32. Son of Donald Peter Macdonald, M.L.A., and Clarice Ann Macdonald, of Mosman, New South Wales, Australia. B.A. (Sydney); Journalist and Author. Grave Reference: X. K. 1.
MALLICK, THOMAS HENRY ANTHONY. Flight Sergeant, 412989. Royal Australian Air Force. 31 May 1944. Age 24. Son of Thomas and Millicent Geraldine Mallick, of Orange, New South Wales, Australia. Grave Reference: X. K. 3.
POTTS, LINDSAY GORDON. Flight Sergeant, 412701. Royal Australian Air Force. 22 July 1943. Age 21. Son of Clarence Rickard and Rose Potts, of Clovelly, New South Wales, Australia. Grave Reference: Coll. grave XVII. D. 1-10.
SEYMOUR, LAWRENCE ALFRED. Flying Officer, 402208. D F C. Royal Australian Air Force. 16 May 1944. Age 30. Son of James Monday Seymour and Daisy Isabel Seymour, of Chatswood, New South Wales, Australia. Grave Reference: Coll. grave III. K. 17-18.
STRATTON, ALFRED ROWLAND. Warrant Officer, 411056. Royal Australian Air Force. 18 October 1943. Age 29. Son of William Henry and Emily Wells Stratton; husband of Dorothy Gladys Stratton, of Hindmarsh. South Australia. Grave Reference: Coll. grave III. E. 23.

Cassino_2522   Cassino_2517 Cassino_2520   Cassino_2521

Trove Detective: A Real Turner Bonanza

Good news!

Jonathon Turner WW1 PhotoTop row – Frank, Jack, George & Len Turner
Front row – William (father), Syd, Roy & Bill Turner

Thanks to George’s grandson, Jonathon Turner we now have this photograph of the Turner Family (about 1919-1920) which was mentioned in a previous blog. All seven sons returned from World War I and are probably wearing a discharged returned soldier’s badge like the one below. Thanks to  the Australian War Memorial who knew this badge but not the father’s one. No idea about the father’s badge so if you know, please let us know too. 

AWM_WW1 discharged returned soldier's badgeAWM REL28911


WW1 War Records: Alfred Pendleton & the AIF Project

Alfred Pendleton (1891-1951) AIF Service Number 313

SLVicThemistocles_1917_10381:173935Troopship ‘Thermistocles’ 1917 (SLVic Image H21105)

START HERE at the AIF PROJECT and save a lot of time & effort looking for WW1 servicemen. This database uses the records from the Australian War Memorial and the National Archives of Australia and although they don’t identify the source it’s not too hard to find most of it. Another bonus is that ADFA understand war records better than most of us civilians. Here is some of the personal information it told me about Alfred Pendleton and his family. Perhaps you know of them and can add to their story. Unfortunately, I was unable to find a photo of Alfred online and I do not know of any photos of his two sisters and brother who came to Australia either.

The AIF Project tells us that Alfred Pendleton served in the AIF at Gallipoli, Egypt and the Western Front. He left Australia on the ‘Themistocles’ on 12 May, 1915 and returned on the ‘Konigen Luise’ in February 1920.

Alfred was a bookbinder when he enlisted in February, 1915 and worked at Shorrocks & Davies, Manchester in 1919. He was born in Manchester, England about 1890-1891 and died on 13 January, 1951 in Sydney.

Alfred’s sisters were Mrs Wood of Bondi and Florence Pendleton of Cowra. Alfred married Ethel Davies aged 29, at St John’s Anglican Church, Lancaster on  11 February 1918 (& are known to have had at least 3 children in Australia). I wish I had a picture of Alfred Pendleton and his family. Can anyone help?

Trove Detective: Hobart: Sailing to the ends of the Earth

Affairs of the Heart.

SLVic_SS Oonah_H92.330:14

1920. T.S.N Company’s S.S. Oonah, Built 1888, in original rig.  SLVic. H92.330/14  

Hobart is a very long way from London, but would seem the perfect place to escape your recent past and start a new life, unless of course the party you are escaping from deems no obstacle to be insurmountable. Edith Cobby arrived in Hobart in 1888 at the age of 24, en route to Sydney. What on earth would she have made of Hobart and the imposing Mount Wellington nearby? LINC Tasmania includes many old photographs of Hobart from the State Library of Tasmania that provide tantalising visual clues. On Trove, a search of the digitised newspapers finds an article and a double page sketch of Hobart Town in 1879 from the Australian Sketcher with Pen and Pencil. I love these illustrations!

Fortunately, we know that Edith sailed on the Doric to Hobart and proceeded on the Oonah to Sydney where she arrived on 24 Sept 1888. The Unassisted Immigrant Passenger Lists on the Mariners and Ships in Australian Waters for the Oonah verify that Miss E Cobby was indeed aboard. This does not appear in the State Records of New South Wales which hosts this site, or on Neither does the SS Doric, as the Tasmanian Records are not readily accessible online, although they can be found with a little patience at Linc Tasmania. We are taking the picturesque route via Trove to discover the comings and goings of the shipping arrivals and departures in Hobart during September, 1888 to find when Edith left Plymouth and Hobart.

Back on Trove, we find the Launceston Examiner detailing the SS Doric’s arrival in Hobart on 18 September, 1888 and giving an account of its voyage and departure from London on 9th August, 1888. The Hobart Mercury dated 19th September, 1888 gives an extremely detailed account of the ship’s voyage, if you wish to know more.

HOBART SHIPPING. (By Electric Telegraph.)

ARRIVED. Sept. 18-Doric, a, 4784 tone, J. W. Jennings, commander, from London.

Sept. 18-Oonah, s, 1700 tons, H. Bennison, commander, from Sydney. T.S.N. Co., agents.

Tuesday. The Doric left London on August 9, Plymouth on August 11, Teneriffe on August 16, and the Cape on the 31st; anchored to-day at 1 p.m., this being the fastest passage yet accomplished. Had fine weather almost throughout. Two deaths occurred during the voyage. Alex. Coupar, fireman, was missed on August 18, in latitude 17 deg., lmin, N., 18 deg., 20 W. No trace of him was found. Alice Marlbew, aged 6 months, the child of a steerage passenger, succumbed to injuries by scalding. The Doric lands 30 passengers for Hobart and two for Launceston. Amongst those travelling to New Zealand are General Ogilvy, an Indian officer, Mr. Dixon, M.P., for Birmingham, and a son of General Booth. The cargo for here and Launceston amounts to 500 tons. The Doric leaves to-morrow.

The Oonah didn’t come up in the search results but after trolling through the Shipping notices for the most likely days we find the Oonah in the Launceston Examiner of 22 September. After fixing some spelling it should now be fine to search.

HOBART SHIPPING. (By Electric Telegraph.)

SAILED. Sept. 21-Oonah, 1700 tones, H. Bennison, Commander, for Sydney. T.S.N. Company, agents. Passengers – Saloon : Mesdames Langworthy, Forrest (2), Lodge, Boddam, and Cambridge; Misses Rook, Colley, Brown, and James : Messrs. Rook, Ramsay, Atwood, Marks, Turnbull, and Lodge; with three in the steerage.

The Ships List is an excellent resource for all things shipping including passenger lists, details of ships, fleets and even pictures or diaries. One of their recent special projects was 1847 Famine immigrants from Ireland. It’s worth checking out if you want to know more about the Doric or the White Star Line.

Doric 1923 SLNSWa637253

Doric 1923 SLNSW a637253

Trove Detective: A Turner Bonanza

Who’s Who in this WW1 Turner Family?article87312892-3-001

Whilst perusing Trove I came across images of ‘Two Patriotic Families’ in the South Australian Chronicle dated 24 June 1916. They were the seven Turner brothers and the seven Cooper brothers. Incredibly the Coopers also had pictures of the mother and father. Unfortunately, the names of the Turner brothers was rather hard to read but undaunted I searched the WW1 Nominal Roll at the Australian War Memorial until I found one of them. There was only one B.R. Turner and Two G.A. Turners.

Private Bernard Roy Turner, Service No. 384, Enlisted 10.4.1916, 5th Machine Gun Battalion, Returned to Australia 5.7.1919.

The WW1 Embarkation Roll shows he was aged 22, from Croydon, SA and his wife was Nellie May F. Turner. So far so good but still only a maybe.

Next was a search of the World War 1 service dossiers at the National Archives of Australia which showed that B R Turner was born in Quorn, SA; enlisted in Adelaide and his wife was Nellie May Fuller Turner.

Turner Bernard Roy : SERN 384 :POB Quorn SA : POE Adelaide SA : NOK W Turner Nellie May Fuller

Returning to the other brothers I found two George Alfred Turner’s in the service dossiers at the National Archives of Australia, and one was born at Quorn, S.A; enlisted at Oaklands, S.A. and his father’s name was William Turner.

Turner George Alfred : SERN 1429 :POB Quorn SA : POE Oaklands SA : NOK F Turner William. George Alfred Turner was aged 19 and a bicycle builder when he enlisted in December 1914.

A further search for Turner & Quorn of the dossiers also resulted in Turner Le(o)nard Kabanagh : SERN 1430 : POB Quorn SA : POE Oaklands SA : NOK F Turner William. On the Embarkation Rolls Lance Corporal Leonard Kavanagh Turner was aged 23 and a driver. George & Leonard had the same address and next of kin at Bowden, SA so were probably related.

Maybe these are three of the brothers. A quick google search found the whole Quorn Turner family. If this is your family you can check if the following details are correct.

William Turner was born on 15 Oct 1862 in New Hamburg, South Australia, Australia and died on 5 Aug 1920 at age 57. William married Julia Kavanagh on 24 Oct 1882 in St Laurence, North Adelaide, South Australia.12 Julia was born on 7 Nov 1864 and died on 11 Dec 1897 in Bowden, South Australia, Australia at age 33.They had eight children: Francis James, William, Mary Ellen, Sydney Joseph, Frederick John, Leonard Kavanagh, Bernard Roy and George Alfred.

This appears to match the names under the 1916 image. After checking the date of birth and next of kin against the family history I edited the article and left a comment that gave their names as follows:

1. Corporal J. Turner (Maybe Francis James or Frederick John? No Corporal?)

2. Lance-Corporal Turner (Leonard Kavanagh Turner SERN: 1430)

3. Farrier W. Turner (William Turner SERN:?) 

4. Private S. J. Turner (Sydney Joseph Turner SERN:?)

5. Private B. R. Turner (Bernard Roy Turner SERN:384)

6. Private G. A. Turner (George Alfred Turner: SERN 1429)

7. Private F. J. Turner (Maybe Francis James SERN: 4172 or Frederick John: 2478)

If you know this family, I hope this information helps. The details from the family history site are only a first step in verifying details such as date of birth or next of kin from the war records so please let me know if they need correcting or you know the service numbers for the brothers. Wouldn’t we all love to find a picture of seven siblings together or better still with their parents?

Trove Detective: Meeting Queenie Royal, a lovely lady.

A Story with No Rhyme or Reason

Ballerina Queenie Royal in a long tutu. Sam Hood. SLNSW a296054

I met Queenie Royal when I was a small child. We had lost our dog. It was very dark and stormy that day. My brother and I kept knocking on doors asking if anyone had seen our dog. Many houses later, we came upon a suburban oasis with a wonderful rose garden. This was Queenie’s house. She was a kind hearted lady who had found our dog and we were very grateful to see our dog, get out of the rain and be fed by this lovely lady. We visited her many times after this and she shared some of her stories . She was always very kind and welcoming to my assortment of brothers and sisters and myself. To me she was very special as she taught me to appreciate the beautiful things in life and to look for the beauty within people and around us. The photo of Queenie Royal above is from the State Library of New South Wales which has an album of theatrical photos by Sam Hood. The photo below is also from the State Library of New South Wales Collection of Sam Hood images. The Capitol Theatre Ballet is advertising Jantzen costumes and Miners Lemon Creme moisturizer at Tamarama Beach, Sydney in 1933.

SLNSW QRoyale_05159r
Queenie Royal with closed umbrella. Sam Hood 1933. SLNSW 05159r
Group of beach beauties in Jantzen swim-suits, advertising Miners Lemon Creme moisturizer, at Tamarama; Capitol Theatre ballet girl, Queenie Royal, on the right. Sam Hood 1933. SLNSW 05160r

An article from the Sydney Morning Herald dated 19 November 1935 describes a ‘Dance Recital by Queenie Royal and Andrae Swayn at the Conservatorium before they departed for London to continue their training. They were students of Miss Frances Scully. In 1945, Queenie married Craig Baynes, a documentary film producer in London.

Sometimes you unexpectedly meet people who have a huge effect on your life. There is no rhyme or reason, it just happens. It was meant to be. Real life stories.

Thanks to the State Library of NSW for permission to use these photos.